AWA Essay Writing Tools : 英-Catch

Issue #1 Text

        Specialists are overrated. We need more generalists to make society successful!

Word catch

specialists      -- experts -- professionals -- people who have in-depth knowledge of field -- 

                         should produce plans/action for action -- can do things --  well paid?

overrated        -- excessively valued -- not justified  -- personal opinion?

generalists      -- not the average person -- people who can bridge fields/disciplines  -- 

                        knows limits of own ability  -- knows limits of others' abilities -- well paid?

                        knows who to contact (specialist)

What was said?

1. specialists exist

2. generalists exist -- but insufficient number

3. no quantitative reference given and 'overrated' is just the opinion of the writer

Choosing your position

    The key to success in the AWA test.

I agree - Specialists are overrated!

If specialists are overrated, what must we do? 

    * examples of errors by specialists  prove this point?

   * Must we place less emphasis on specialists to be able to correctly emphasize generalists?

If there are insufficient numbers of generalists, what must we do?

    * What examples are there of known failures/problems due to insufficient generalists?

I disagree - Specialists are not overrated!

What metrics indicate that specialists are not overrated?

Usefulness of specialists

What types of specialists do you know?

Generalists are just failed specialists

Not so clear

Both specialists and generalists are needed

Many examples of cooperation between generalists and specialists

    * car mechanics and transmission specialists

    * general practitioners and cancer specialists

    * lawyers and product liability specialists

    * engineers and astronomers

Outline

A good outline makes it easy to create a well-structured essay. 

    REMEMBER: your goal is 15-16 sentences of good English.

Specialists are overrated!

    Introduction: 3 sentences

POSITION               * I feel that specialists are overrated.  [ I know is too  strong ]

BACKGROUND     * Problem created by overrating is ??

GOOD FUTURE    * Correcting the problem would achieve ??

    Example 1: 5 sentences

BACKGROUND                    * Use example of doctor/medical specialist to illustrate/define generalists/specialists.

INTRODUCE ARGUMENT  * Show limits of specialists "they are good but ---"

SUPPORT ARGUMENT       * Do you have a personal experience?? 

                                                 OR

                                                * Invent newspaper article that describes the errors made by specialists w/o generalists.

EMPHASIZE ARGUMENT   * Describe how your experience / article suggests that there is a much bigger problem.

CONCLUDE ARGUMENT   * Strengthening generalists will solve this problem!

    Example 2:  5 sentences

BACKGROUND                    * Introduce general mechanics/transmission specialists -- what do they do?

INTRODUCE ARGUMENT  * Do you have a personal experience that shows that good general mechanics 

                                                    are difficult to find?

                                                OR

                                                 * Invent government report stating the crisis in car maintenance.

SUPPORT ARGUMENT        * Discuss the immediate problem created by shortage of generalists.

EMPHASIZE ARGUMENT    * Introduce worse future problem created by shortage of generalists

CONCLUDE ARGUMENT    * Describe the value of having more generalists.

SHOW SOLUTION                 * Easy to create more generalists!

    Conclusion:  2 sentences

MAKE APPEAL    *  The facts are clear

WRAP UP             * I hope you now agree with me -- generalists should be better supported.

Specialists are not overrated!

    Introduction: 3 sentences

 POSITION               * I feel that specialists are not overrated.  

BACKGROUND     * Illustrate/define generalists/specialists.

GOOD POINT         * Describe the value provided by specialists.

    Example 1: 5 sentences

BACKGROUND                      * Use example of general practioner to illustrate problems with generalists.

INTRODUCE ARGUMENT    * Show need for specialists "they are essential"

SUPPORT ARGUMENT         * Do you have a personal experience?? 

                                                    OR

                                                  * Invent newspaper article that describes the people saved by specialists.

EMPHASIZE ARGUMENT     * Describe how your experience / this article suggests that specialists are "worth every penney"

CONCLUDE ARGUMENT    * Creating more specialists will solve more problems!

    Example 2:  5 sentences

BACKGROUND                      * Introduce general mechanics/transmission specialists -- what do they do?

INTRODUCE ARGUMENT    * Do you have a personal experience of bad service from general mechanics?

                                                    OR

                                                  * Invent government report stating the crisis in car maintenance due to lack of specialists.

SUPPORT ARGUMENT         * Discuss the immediate problem created by shortage of specialists.

EMPHASIZE ARGUMENT     * Introduce worse future problem(s) created by shortage of specialists.

CONCLUDE ARGUMENT     * Value of having more specialists - easy to create new specialists!

  

Conclusion:  2 sentences

MAKE APPEAL    *  The facts are clear with regard the value of specialists.

WRAP UP             * I hope you agree with me -- specialists are essential for modern life and so can not be overrated.


Not so clear

Introduction: 3 sentences

    Introduction: 3 sentences

POSITION                * I feel that the current balance of generalists & specialists is good -- no change is needed.

BACKGROUND      * Illustrate/define generalists/specialists.

GOOD POINT         * Describe the value provided by the cooperation of generalists & specialists.

    Example 1: 5 sentences

BACKGROUND                       * Show how general practioners support medical specialists.

INTRODUCE ARGUMENT    * General practioners recognize the value of specialists!

SUPPORT ARGUMENT         * Do you have a personal experience?? 

                                                    OR

                                                    * Invent newspaper article that describes the effectiveness of modern medicine.

EMPHASIZE ARGUMENT    * Describe how your experience / this article suggests that specialists are "worth every penney"

CONCLUDE ARGUMENT    * Generalists allow specialists to solve big problems!

    Example 2:  5 sentences

BACKGROUND                        * Introduce general mechanics/transmission specialists -- what do they do?

INTRODUCE ARGUMENT      * Do you have a personal experience of good service from repair shops?

                                                    OR

                                                    * Invent government report stating that car maintenance is becoming cheaper.

SUPPORT ARGUMENT           * Discuss the immediate problem-- what would happen if there were no specialists.

EMPHASIZE ARGUMENT       * Introduce worse future problem created by shortage of specialists.

CONCLUDE ARGUMENT       * Talk about the value of having more specialists -- easy to create more experts!

Conclusion:  2 sentences

MAKE APPEAL    *  The facts are clear -- we need both specialists and generalists.

WRAP UP             * I hope you agree with me -- specialists (and generalists) are essential for modern life.

Writing the Sentences

The esssay must describe your ideas and thinking so we recommend that you read widely to gain a better understanding of society and the world around you.
To  make it easier for you to concentrate on the content, we recommend that you learn and practice the following sentence connection types. They are ordered in terms of decreasing importance to your goal of essay writing.

Definition -> Description -> Examplification -> Narration -> Analysis -> Process -> Comparison -> Analogy -> Cause and Effect -> Classification -> Enumeration
More Important      -->    Less Important

Definition

content.

Description

content.

Exemplification

content.

Narration

content.

Analysis

content.

Process

content.

Comparison

content.

Analogy

content.


Sentence Examples

Introduction Paragraph

content.

Paragraph 1

content.

Paragraph 2

content.

Concluding Paragraph

content.